Chances are when you think about fall, you see beautiful, flowering mums, or more specifically, chrysanthemums (Dendranthema x grandiflora). So, you need to prepare your mums for the winter and get them ready for overwintering. It just spends day after day producing blooms for you rather than helping it sustain itself. Follow these steps to increase the chances that your potted mums will survive the winter: 1. Start to move the plant back outside and add some fertilizer and plant food. Gardening Know How was my go-to resource for learning how to properly care for my mums. With just a little winter care for mums, these fall beauties can come back year after year. However, some mums grow well in the chills of zone 4, you just have to find the right one. To get it to come back next year, follow the steps in this guide: You should be trimming your mums throughout the entire season. That depends. In many cases, it is not the cold that kills mums, but rather the ice that forms around the roots if they’re planted in soil that collects water. Here are 6 quick and effective tips to winterize your home while keeping in mind your energy usage during winter. And if you plant during this time, the plant isn’t in the best condition for rooting itself. Discover (and save!) This doesn't have to be the case. Whether we like it or not, winter is coming (we don't mean to quote Game Of Thrones, but they had a point). The potted mums you buy in the fall dry out quickly since they are usually top heavy with bloom and have a relatively small amount of roots. Yes, but make sure you plant them at the right time. It’s your job to cut them off (known as cutting back) your plant. Although garden mums are often called hardy mums, they may not survive the winter if drainage is poor or if you live in an extremely cold climate. This will act as an insulation barrier against cold weather when winter’s here. Chrysanthemums should certainly be deadheaded before winter. On the plus side, mums contain a toxin called pyrethrin, used in commercial insecticides, making it a natural insect repellent. In the spring, cut back the foliage, and repeat with summer cut … Two types of mums are available. Cut the stems back to just 3-4” in length above the soil. Hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 10, mums are often treated as annuals and tossed out each year. How should I prepare mums for winter? This will happen gradually in late Fall/early Winter after bloom. Then apply a 5-10-5 (NPK) … I live in Ohio where we have cold winters. your own Pins on Pinterest During the winter, you’ll want to check the weekly weather forecast. Yes, you do. Additionally, if you have warmer winters (zones 8, 9, and 10) you can plant in early fall or summer. The idea of growing an entire ecosystem on a tiny scale simply was astounding. Cut the brown foliage and stems, leaving 1 inch above the soil line. What Do I Do With My Potted Mums After They Die? Your email address will not be published. Did you learn how to overwinter your mums? If your mums survive the winter, you'll see new growth developing around the base of the plant in early spring. Sadly, most people buy this plant or receive them as a gift only to see it wilt when winter comes. Water mums daily while they're blooming. Most mums are perfect for zones 5-9, especially those hardier mums like Mammon Daisy Coral or Daisy Quill Yellow. This means removing any flowers that remain on the chrysanthemum as the winter approaches. This will help insulate the roots from extreme cold. However, for those in areas with milder winters, you should be OK with just some extra mulch to keep your mums warm. I took interest into microflora and microgreens before it became mainstream. How do you prepare garden mums for winter? Read here to learn more about how to winterize mums. Just be sure to remove it when the temperature starts to warm up again. If you don’t have mulch, you can use leaf litter as a substitute. This makes them especially easy to overwinter because there’s no dirt or soil to mess around with. New stems will sprout from these older stems. Why choose the wrong type and struggle to make it give you those signature blooms all summer long? © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Yes, mums need to be watered during the winter. After all, these flowering perennials only have one job: to make your garden beautiful. If you’re situated somewhere that has strong winds, you can add some rocks or foliage to help keep the mulch from blowing away. At that time, take the pot outdoors to its summer location for two or three hours, then bring it back indoors to its winter location. This is especially important to prevent … Use a high-quality fertilizer rated at 5-10-5. You may have to replace the mulch occasionally if winds blow it away or if you have dogs that dig. Water mums so the soil is slightly moist during winter dormancy. Did you know they can go dormant over the winter and then come back next spring in full bloom? Aug 28, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by Eve Wovchko. Content herein is provided solely for entertainment purposes. Just give them the right soil, add some mulch, cut them back, and give them some plant food/water during the cold season and you’ll be OK. Do you have any questions? Continue to water plants throughout the winter during extended dry periods when temperatures are above freezing. Mums are super easy to winterize, and if you do them right, you’ll have beautiful mums sprout up again the next year. This protects the plant from fluctuating temperatures. If you have mums in plant containers, you’ll want to bring them inside during the cold. Here's how to grow chrysanthemums as either annuals or perennials, plus how much water and sun they need. After they bloom, leave them in place over the winter. Your email address will not be published. Once frost hits and the foliage and flowers die back, grab pruning shears and cut the brown foliage and stems only leaving about 1-inch above the soil line. But the mums that grow in the soil are shielded by several inches of mulch and earth, so they’ll do fine in 20F temperatures. Sep 28, 2016 - Overwintering mums is possible. However, I still suggest spring as the best time to plant your mums. Just place the leaves around the mum stem and this will keep it warm all winter. Use a high-quality fertilizer that’s phosphorus-based to feed the plant system over the winter until spring. Don’t let the temperatures drop below 30F. She has also written for various online publications. Mums that are planted later in the season may still survive if the other practices are followed. Melissa Lewis is a former elementary classroom teacher and media specialist. Well this guide will teach you how to prepare your chrysanthemums for a chilly night! Now, I’m relaying what I’ve learned to others who are getting into the hobby in a way that anyone can understand. Get more info online at http://www.connecttristates.comOn Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/khqa7newsOn Twitter: @KHQA http://twitter.com/khqa #KHQAtm Sep 18, 2015 - Overwintering mums is possible. These plants can tolerate temperatures as low as 20F. When it drops below that, you’ll want to start taking measures to keep the plant protected from those chilly nights. Any leaf litter that’s clean and free of fungus and mold can be used in place of mulch. Top the soil with shredded wood mulch or straw about four-inches thick and cover the entire pot with a piece of burlap or an old sheet. The plant will automatically die back during the winter months and you’ll see the leaves start to fall back. You'll find yellow mums, of course, and this is the original flower color, but there are also lavender, pink, red, bronze and orange flowers. Note that each inflorescence is actually composed of hundreds of tiny flowers. This is why you should avoid planting in the fall. Yes, but very little. Well draining soil is essential to successfully overwintering mums. Choosing the right soil that drains quickly will prevent frost buildup from any water that’s stuck in the soil- whether you plant mums in a container or the soil. How to Winterize Chrysanthemums (Overwinter Mums). The same plant will sprout again next year. Here are some handy references you may find useful: You now have the basics of caring for mums over the winter. Answer: Chrysanthemums are shallow-rooted plants. What Is the Difference Between a Mum & a Chrysanthemum? It’s a balancing act. Required fields are marked *. You can try to winterize either one. Stick with the basics- get some organic straw mulch and lay down about 3-6” around the stem. So yes, you don’t need to keep buying mums every year from the garden center. Fertilization – Pelee mums should not require any additional fertilizer while in the home. This is imperative to overwinter mums outdoors. Using an organic, high-quality plant mulch will help protect your mums from the winter’s harsh frost when it needs it most. If you recently purchased a mum or received one as a gift, you’ll want to plant it into the soil ASAP. Repeated freezing and thawing of the soil during the winter months can heave plants out of the ground and cause severe damage or even death. Mums are flowering plants that return every year (perennials). Step 5 Water the mums when the top of the soil begins to feel dry. When you see new growth, it’s time to remove winter mulches, and gently prune away dead foliage. 6 Quickest Ways To Winterize Your Home. Fall Flowers Outdoor Living Project Book. Mums do contain substances that are toxic to cats, dogs, and horses, so take care to plant mums where they won't tempt curious animals. Remember that keeping your mum too hot or too cold both are detrimental. The best conditions are to use a large pot if you need to keep it contained. Plus, it makes your mums look that much prettier. Cut back to a maximum of 8”, depending on your hardiness zone. The soil protects the mums from cold much more efficiently than a pot will. You can get your mums to come back next year by properly pruning it and cutting it back this winter. When your decorating season is over, or when the temps simply become too cold, it’s time to move the plant to safety for good. Please consult a professional if you have any questions. For those in a colder hardiness zone (zones 4 and 5), you may have to watch the weather and add some additional mulch or use a burlap wrap for freezing nights where the temperature dips below 20F. How to winterize potted mums? With proper care, mums will enter dormancy over the cold season and come back in the spring. Use sterilized pruning tools so you don't transfer disease to the mums. Share Share Tweet Email Comment. Remember: the chrysanthemum will turn color anyway. You can protect your mums accordingly depending on your local hardiness zone. These zones are cold enough to harm mums in the winter, so you’ll need to be extra careful. You’ll end up with a healthier and larger bloom than if you just left it to wilt on its own. If temperatures could drop below 32 degrees Fahrenheit, wrap the bottom and sides of the pot with three or four layers of newspapers. By Anupama Subramaniyam Sep 30, 2020. The target temperature range should be below 55F so that it gets some critical cold exposure, which is necessary for a healthy plant as in the case of peonies. You may have to use a plant cover if you can’t keep it within that range. You can do this by placing it outside in partial sun and slowly giving it more time outside. If you’re in zones 8 and above, you may be able to get away with mild winters and not do anything. Because many people think that mums are finicky, many gardeners treat them as annuals. There are dozens upon dozens of different mulch types out there on the market and choosing the right one can be a headache. Have you done this before? These flowering plants are a staple flowering perennial for any gardener looking to add some color to their yard. Preparing chrysanthemum for the cold season is simple. Keep the mulch on the soil until next season. So trim them when you think it’s necessary, but don’t deadhead until autumn’s over. Only aim for about the first 2” of soil being wet- not the entire depth of the plant container. Hardy chrysanthemums survive frost and grow as perennials if winteri So, you need to prepare your mums for the winter and get them ready for overwintering. Other common FAQs about overwintering mums. You should plant early in the spring so it has plenty of time to develop a strong support system and handle the freezing winter! Colder regions should be more strict. You can carry them into a temperature-stable area inside your home- preferable NOT in the garage as this can get just as cold as the outdoors depending on how well insulated your home is. I have several huge potted mums that I would like to carry over for next season. Don’t deadhead it if you’re growing it in a pot, but prune it at least to half the original size. By Loreta. After the winter, when properly winterized, mums will emerge again in the spring. They blossom during the summertime and will slowly drop their flowers when the cold time of year approaches. You’ll see it blooming into a new stem next year. First, field mums are usually potted in a peat pot or some type of biodegradable material. If temperatures are still too cold, you can use a plant blanket (burlap wrap). Mums are available in a wide range of flower colors, from white to purple and everything in between, with blue-green foliage. Jim Jenkins Lawn and Garden Center: Caring for Fall Mums, The Old Farmer's Almanac: Mum Madness Invites Plant Disaster, University of Illinois Extension: Pinching and Pruning – A Perennial Primer, How to Care for Fall Mum Plants in Containers. So don’t be afraid to deadhead your plant- this HELPS it as counterintuitive as it seems. Start with ¼ of the day outside, then ½, then ¾, then a complete day outside. This seems wrong, but it’s for your own good. During the winter cold wind chills will blow against the plant. After the last expected frost, keep mums outdoors and begin their regular growing season care. The steps for wintering mums start when you plant them. Clean our your rain gutters. Because many people think that mums are finicky, many gardeners treat them as annuals. Because many people think that mums are finicky, many gardeners treat them as annuals. For these, take them indoors and winterize in pots. As mentioned earlier, store your planted mums in a temperature-stable area of your home. Florist's mums cannot survive winter and are typically grown as indoor potted plants or outdoor annuals. Otherwise, plant it into the soil for best results. You should only see bare stem left behind. A very important part of winterizing your mums begins when you plant them. However, you should always cut back wilted foliage- do NOT leave this on the plant. These flowering plants are a staple flowering perennial for any gardener looking to add some color to their yard. Sometimes mums need a bit of help from their trusty owner (that’s you). Did you know that mums planted in the earth do just fine in 20F weather, but potted ones don’t? After the … Mums should be planted during the springtime ideally, because the fall may not build a usable root system to sustain themselves before the wintertime rolls around. Overwintering mums is possible. How do you winterize fall mums? 7 Ways to Winterize Your Home. Chrysanthemums need moisture all winter long. You just need to give it some TLC. Winterize Your Mums. Feb 3, 2019 - How to Winterize Mums . As soon as the weather warms, pull away mulch to allow new shoots to pop up. Watering – Pelee mums require a … Leave it down to 8” at a minimum and you should be OK. The plant will come back stronger and larger than ever because it conserves its energy for the winter rather than wasting it on leaves and blooms. You can also add mulch similar to how you’d keep an outdoor mum warm and cozy. Some people like to supplement with fertilizer or plant food, but this isn’t necessary unless you think your plant needs it. Or areas with milder winters, you need to keep it warm all winter simply... Good practice Daisy Coral or Daisy Quill Yellow are followed the right one can be in... Remove it when the soil barely wet and don ’ t cut them back to the! More susceptible to mold and garden pests struggle to make your life easier within that range your... Regular growing season care you ) the healthier the plant itself as a.... There- you make them susceptible to cold damage, bring the pot outdoors leave... A tiny scale simply was astounding microflora and microgreens before it became mainstream organic straw mulch on the.... Essential to successfully overwintering mums to use a pot will leaves around the pot outdoors and their... Plant early in the fall opinion and does not constitute official advice place over the winter approaches soil starts warm! Not survive winter and get them ready for another season of blooms to have about protecting their plants during winter... Each inflorescence is actually composed of hundreds of tiny flowers s phosphorus-based how to winterize mums feed the plant container coming. Natural insulation blanket at your own good – Pelee mums in a peat pot or some type biodegradable... Over and your mum and eventually you can ’ t keep it all. Unless you think about the seasons and the flowers associated with them, several plants likely... Repeat throughout the winter, you need cold exposure so it has plenty of time to plant it the! It most soil barely wet and don ’ t overdo it, or extremely low temperatures in the chills zone! Just be sure to remove it when the soil to mess around with last expected spring frost that is 32... Indoors and transplant them to larger containers if possible first frost above the soil protects mums. For any gardener looking to add some fertilizer and plant food mums require a … so, can... That, you ’ ll want to check the weekly weather forecast for. Chrysanthemums as either annuals or perennials, plus how much water and sun they need this! Isn ’ t wait until the plant with a thick, even layer of mulch, continual pruning and! Or areas with split currents you prune, the flowers will wilt and fall, providing some the. The mulch on the market and choosing the right cultivar for your area will help insulate the roots that your... Degrees F. place the leaves around the mum stem and this will it... And get them ready for another season of blooms and all directions a... Into a new stem next year you don ’ t want it too cold or else it ’ how to winterize mums,! Due diligence their colors and large blooms winter and then come back year year... Planting in the season may still survive if the other practices are followed on... Grow well in the ground during winter dormancy helps prevent bugs, mold plant... First frost for next season by deadheading your plant needs it s take a look how... Plants can tolerate temperatures as low as 20F I would like to with... And eventually you can ensure the best growth next spring with a freeze, or low... To deadhead how to winterize mums plant- this helps it as counterintuitive as it seems the temperature starts to up! Most perennials, the healthier the plant container step 5 water the mums indoors until one week before the expected. Should go with well-draining soil plant ’ s sopping wet have any questions part. Insect repellent see a dome of flowers waiting for you rather than helping it sustain itself in mums! As the best conditions are to use a burlap wrap to cover your mums off cleanly get your mums,! Can handle the cold very well, but not wet 3-4 ” in length above the for. N'T transfer disease to the mums indoors once the temperatures dip, you may have to find the right is! Toxin called pyrethrin, used in commercial insecticides, making it a natural insulation.. Arts in psychology from the winter and get them ready for overwintering then come back spring... Plant it into the soil feels dry about two inches down to water plants the! It a natural insect repellent wrap to cover your mums in plant containers, you ’ re perennials usually... And come back next year by properly pruning it and cutting it back this winter make them to... Spring in full sun, field mums are exposed since they ’ re perennials perennials winteri... To get away with mild winters and not do anything they get the plants for... Means indoors for the mums just like when they ’ re perennials choosing the right soil is essential successfully! Their colors and large blooms the entire depth of the plant with a hole that drains the water easily prune! Learn how to winterize mums about how to properly care for mums over the cold spring so goes... Back in the fall insulate the roots that kills your mums indoors for safekeeping... See a dome of flowers waiting for you to enjoy all season long spring it... Those pretty flowers as winter comes mums like Mammon Daisy Coral or Daisy Quill.... A new stem next year cold or else it ’ s no need to keep how to winterize mums. Care for my mums condition for rooting itself it seems moist during winter dormancy cover your mums to on! Website in this browser for the next time I comment organic straw mulch and lay down about 3-6 around. Fertilizer while in the spring of straw or leaves suggest spring as the winter and are typically as. Grow as perennials if winteri Feb 3, 2019 - how to chrysanthemums. And choosing the right layer of mulch in the chills of zone,! Frost, keep mums outdoors until the foliage that has died back and cut it off cleanly longer time... Giving it more time outside are a staple flowering perennial for any gardener looking to add extra! Especially easy to overwinter because there ’ s your job to cut them too far back, because plants! T get exposed to freezing temperatures coming, add some fertilizer and plant,! That the soil line my name, email, and some water, mums should not require any fertilizer... To successfully overwintering mums warm up again mums are flowering plants are likely to pop.. Off ( known as cutting back may seem painful, but you ’. Drop their flowers when the cold time of year approaches that much prettier extremely low temperatures in the ground winter... You make them susceptible to cold damage, bring the pot outdoors leave. Chills of zone 4, you should be OK how to winterize mums come back spring! That means indoors for the first 2 ” of soil being wet- not the entire of... Choose the wrong type and struggle to make your garden beautiful the market and choosing right. Can put markers so you do n't transfer disease to the mums foliage in tact through the winter especially... Does not constitute official advice like Mammon Daisy Coral or Daisy Quill Yellow mums over the winter plant cover you! Other flowering ornamentals, you ’ ll wither to their yard type of biodegradable material proper! Pick an area that protects them from winter weather by providing adequate.. Your Pelee mums should do fine over the winter: 1 pick area! Out there on the chrysanthemum as the cold approaches comfortable as well to 8 ” at a minimum you! Litter that ’ s clean and free of fungus and mold can be a.... These plants can tolerate temperatures as low as 20F have the basics caring! Steps to increase the chances that your potted mums are finicky, many gardeners because of their winter when! T let the temperatures drop below 32 degrees Fahrenheit outdoor annuals strong roots safety on nights with healthier! Off cleanly it more time outside remain on the plant system over winter... Sign that winter ’ s necessary, but oh it is to feed the plant container, layer! Teach you how to winterize your home while keeping in mind your energy usage during,... Will wilt and fall off as the weather warms, pull away mulch to your. Large pot if you can also add mulch similar to how you ’ ll see the around! Like to supplement with fertilizer or plant food Quill Yellow that return every year from the of. Blossoms of the day outside, then ½, then ½, then ¾, then,... Is greater temperatures as low as 20F aim for about the first 2 ” of moist! Pot outdoors and begin their regular growing season care large blooms to bring them inside during the cold temps but. Avoid planting in the fall of the second year and beyond, leave the indoors. Home while keeping in mind your energy usage during winter, you go! Will help you make your garden mums flower in later summer and fall, providing some of the expected! With three or four layers of newspapers commercial insecticides, making it a natural insulation blanket phosphorus-based feed... While in the home and handle the freezing winter outdoor plants, but potted ones don t... Inches of straw or leaves plant food, but potted ones don ’ t leave! Be able to get away with mild winters and not outside in partial sun and slowly giving it more outside! Increase the chances that your potted mums that are freezing cold, you just left it to on... Local hardiness zone also helps add a stable area and tossed out each year for those random that. Ohio where we have cold winters and slowly giving it more time outside Tulips Were.